High blood pressure often remains undetected because symptoms are rarely noticeable. The best way to determine if you have high blood pressure is to check your reading regularly. Although this condition usually does not cause symptoms, it can increase the risk of serious complications such as heart attack and stroke, so it is very important to do what you can to control your blood pressure.
High blood pressure can often be prevented or reduced by simple lifestyle changes such as eating healthy, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, drinking alcohol in moderation and not smoking.
When it comes to a healthy diet, the NHS recommends limiting the amount of salt in food and eating large amounts of fruit and vegetables.
He explains: "Salt raises blood pressure. The more salt you eat, the higher your blood pressure.
"Try to eat less than 6 g (0.2 ounces) of salt per day, which is about a teaspoon."
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"Using a low-fat diet that contains a lot of fiber, such as whole grain rice, bread and pasta, as well as plenty of fruit and vegetables, also helps lower blood pressure.
"Try to eat five portions of fruit and vegetables every day."
But some experts believe that adding supplements can also help lower blood pressure.
Three supplements with proven blood pressure lowering effect are aged garlic extract, whey protein and hibiscus.
Studies in humans have shown that garlic supplements have a significant impact on lowering blood pressure in people with high blood pressure.
One study found that 600-1,500 mg of garlic extract aged is as effective as Atenolol in reducing blood pressure over 24 weeks.
A number of studies have combined the consumption of dairy products with a decrease in blood pressure, which has been attributed to a family of bioactive peptides in a dairy called angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors).
In whey protein, ACE inhibitors are called lactokinins, and several animal studies have shown their beneficial effects on blood pressure.
Several studies have shown that hibiscus tea lowers both my systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
In one study, 65 people with high blood pressure were given hibiscus tea or placebo.
After six weeks, those who drank hibiscus tea had a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure compared to placebo.
A review of five 2015 studies showed that hibiscus tea reduced both systolic and diastolic blood pressure by 7.58 mmHg and 3.53 mmHg on average, respectively.
What causes high blood pressure?
There is no obvious cause for high blood pressure, but there are some things that can increase a person's risk of getting the disease.
Bupa mentions them as:
- Your age – the risk increases with age
- Having someone in a close family with high blood pressure
- Overweight or obesity
- Eat too much salt
- Drinking too much alcohol
- Not enough exercise
- Anxiety and stress
In addition to the lifestyle changes listed above, your doctor will decide what treatment is best for you.