Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not make enough insulin or when the body does not use effectively the insulin it produces. "The prevalence of diabetes is increasing worldwide, and predicts that it will affect more than 592 million people in 2035. Today, it is estimated that over 425 million people suffer from it," said Carlos Reguera, cardiologist and head of the field of Preventive Medicine and Cardiology at Ineba (Institute of Neurosciences Buenos Aires).
There are different types of diabetes: type 1 can not be prevented and is caused by insufficient insulin in the pancreas of unknown cause; It usually manifests in childhood with symptoms such as excessive thirst and hunger, abundant urine production (polyuria) and changes in vision.
"His prevalence in relation to type 2 is low, but for the families where he is presented, he is one hundred percent of his life, which is why it is important to provide information" – said Liliana Tieri, president of the Diabetes Care Association in Argentina (CUI.D.AR) .
As an example, Tieri described that "in schools, teachers should not be afraid if a child takes glucose or needs to take insulin, or should not interfere with physical activity because, on the contrary, it is highly recommended for them."
"This diabetes can be prevented by maintaining a healthy weight, doing at least 30 minutes of moderate intensity exercise (for example, a brisk walking) for most days of the week, eating healthy (avoiding sugar and saturated fats) and not smoking" – said Carlos González Malla, member of the Argentine Cardiac Foundation (FCA).
He added that "the positive feature of type 2 diabetes is that it can be detected earlier before it develops clinical symptoms, and if measures such as weight loss, a healthy diet and exercise are taken, the risk of complications can be reduced."