Lack of knowledge about dyslexia, difficulties in learning to read and write, which affects 10% of the global population. it can lead to children being cataloged as "lazy", which affects their self-esteem and aggravates the problem, while diagnosis and timely treatment allows for better education, said the specialist on the eve of the global day of this disorder.
"Dyslexia is a difficulty in learning to read and write in normal-rate children and that they were exposed to a conventional learning system, that is, if the child was not in school, for example, the diagnosis can not be made" – he explained. to the agency Telam Rodolfo Benavente, head of pediatric neurology at the Clínicas hospital.
Currently, dyslexia is included in the Diagnostic-Statistical Handbook of Mental Disorders of the American Psychiatric Association in the category of neurodevelopmental disorders and in the subcategory "Specific Learning Disorders (ASD)". Children with dyslexia can not read or do badly – by presenting repetitions, additions or substitutions – they have difficulty copying from the board, they always need more time, do not understand what they read, have problems with writing and have bad spelling.
The specialist said that "although it is possible to detect some symptoms at an early age, the diagnosis of dyslexia can not be made before the age of nine, because there are children who do not have liquid reading up to 7 or 8 years and do not have" difficulties "" Now happens It also happens that boys are often labeled as "lazy" or that we are interested in school and that there is no problem that affects their self-esteem and aggravates the condition, "said Benavente.
In the same sense, Juan Manuel Ferrer, head of Child Neurology at INEBA (Institute of Neurosciences Buenos Aires), said: "The main problem is that people with dyslexia have a normal IQ, but they can not use it, so they are frustrated, they lower self-esteem and abandon what they do by stepping into a vicious circle. "
The neuroscientist stated that "recently people with dyslexia have been observed that the flow of the brain is lower in areas that are involved in the reading process." "It is also a pathology related to genetic strain, because over 60% of dyslexic children have family history." When you ask your parents, they usually say that "they were the same when they were children," he said.
The treatments of this disorder are multidisciplinary, but in relation to the school, both specialists pointed out that "they do not require drastic changes in the curriculum, but specific adaptations".
"Give them more time to copy from the board, let them write in print, share tests for parts, if the content is evaluated, do not subtract results from spelling, these are just a few examples of measures that can be taken to facilitate learning" – he concluded. Ferrer.
Every November 8 World Dyslexia Day is commemorated around the world to raise awareness of this difficulty, which according to INEBA affects 10% of the global population.