In some cases, your dry and irritated skin may be a case of eczema.
Eczema is a treatable skin disease typically caused by a damaged skin barrier.
If you have symptoms such as itching, flushing and flaking, you may have eczema.
At lower temperatures, lower humidity and freezing wind, winter can seriously dry the skin. But if your skin barrier is damaged, your dry skin may feel (and look) a little differently than usual. In this case, you can have eczema, a curable skin disease, also known as atopic dermatitis.
Essentially, this is just a matter of skin barrier, said Matthew Elias, a dermatologist from Florida. "Think of your skin as a brick wall defending the body against foreign invaders, such as bacteria, allergens and irritants," said INSIDER. "In the case of eczema, the fugues between your bricks break down, usually due to a gene defect. With these wall holes (your skin barrier), all foreign invaders and environmental pollutants can now easily pass through the first defense wall and affect you and your skin. "
The best way to determine if you have eczema is to visit a doctor, but here are some common symptoms of eczema that you should look out for.
There are dry spots on the skin and it is very itchy
Eczema can be very itchy – said Marisa Garshick, a dermatologist from New York. "If you have a dry stain that seems particularly itchy, it can be a sign of eczema," said INSIDER.
Although it is very itchy, Garshick said that scratching it can only aggravate the situation. "When the skin barrier is at risk, as in eczema, it can increase the risk of infection," she added.
Your skin is red and burning
If your skin turns red, it can also mean you have eczema, said Garshick. Changing the color means that your skin is not happy, she said. "If the skin is pink or red, it means there is inflammation that can be a symptom of eczema."
You have trouble falling asleep because you feel irritated skin
Dry skin can be annoying, that's for sure. But if your skin is so itchy or so painfully dry that you can not sleep, you probably have eczema.
You should also immediately heal your skin, said George Skandamis, a dermatologist from Ohio. "Without treatment, the skin may remain itchy, which affects the ability to concentrate on work and may impair the person's ability to get a good night's sleep," said INSIDER.
A dermatologist from Brenda Dintiman in Virginia added that this side effect may also worsen mental health – even contributing to depression. Her advice on coping is to take warm (but not hot) showers and apply a heavy balm immediately after the shower. You may also want to take treatment if the condition makes daily functioning difficult.
Skin flakes are flaky and flaky
Note that your skin is flaky? It's probably a sign that you're dealing with more than just dry skin, said New York dermatologist Jennifer Kitchin. "There are many overlapping dry skin and eczema," she said. "But one of the main differences, clinically, is that the dry skin is dry, and the eczema is a red, flaky, itchy rash." If you notice that your skin is flaky and flaky, you may have atopic dermatitis.
Dry skin flakes appear in specific places on the body
Another way to check if your dry skin is eczema is to look at the place where it grows on your body, said Caren Campbell, a dermatologist in California. She said that eczema is most common in areas before elbows and behind the knees in adults. In the case of babies, eczema often occurs on the cheeks, she said. So if your skin is red and itchy in these places, there is a chance it can be eczema. Taking this into account, it can appear in different places for each person.
After contact with some irritants, such as fabrics or smells, you notice that parts of the skin are burning
Eczema causes your skin to be particularly sensitive to irritation. If you notice that your skin feels worse after coming into contact with certain things, it may be eczema, said Ellen Dabela, a dermatologist in New Jersey. "If it turns out that you bulge on itchy spots accidentally or your skin is more sensitive to fabrics, fragrances or other irritants, it is most likely that eczema is the perpetrator," said INSIDER.
NOW SEE: movies about Life Executive
Business emails and alerts
The site pays attention to your inbox every day.
Follow Business Insider Australia on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn and Instagram.