Quebec is lagging behind to face the "big challenge" of the aging population and the progress of Alzheimer's disease, says Minister Marguerite Blais.
In the next 10 years, a quarter of the Quebec population will be over 65 years old, and cases of dementia, such as Alzheimer's, will double.
This wave of seniors who will require care can saturate the health care network as never before, warned experts in the journal yesterday.
"There is much to catch up," agrees minister of seniors and carers, Marguerite Blais, after the inauguration of the refurbished CHSLD for $ 15 million in Cartierville, Montreal.
One of the biggest challenges is adapting network resources to tens of thousands of Alzheimer's cases that will accumulate over the years. To face this, "we have to turn," says Mrs. Blais.
"We are beginning to take into account the aging population and special needs: 80% of people living in CHSLD are people with Alzheimer's disease or severe neurocognitive disorders," he says.
Already, "the submarine is on a date," emphasizes Marguerite Blais, citing announcements closely related to the aging of the population, which in the first budget of the Legault government is almost $ 1.5 billion, including $ 1 billion for the construction of thirty senior homes.
In the next three years, USD 564 million will be added to ensure their operation.
Funding of USD 5 million was also allocated to research on the care of neurocognitive disorders at the beginning of June, which is the sum of "good, but it will not solve our problem", says researcher Gilbert Bernier (see other text),
Despite these significant expenses, a large part of the 2,600 promised places in shelters will not be available in the near future, because at the end of the current mandate, there may be only 500 residents ready to be accommodated. government in 2022, reports Le Journal in April. "Thirty seniors' homes in Quebec … Montreal and Quebec City are very large. What does it mean, a home for everyone Bas-Saint-Laurent? He asked an MP about Rimouski, Harold LeBel.
"In Bas-Saint-Laurent, we already have one in four people aged 65 and over. We are currently living [les projections pour 2030], It has a big impact on the organization of the region. […] In 2030, If nothing changes, it will be very serious, "warns the elected PQ, who for more than two years forces us to look after the aging societies.
The availability of resources in the regions is also a concern for Monique Sauvé, a criticism of seniors in the Liberal Party. "There are large service openings. The time has come to get a clear picture for seniors in the regions, "he says.
A shortage of workforce combined with a lack of staff in various health care facilities, housing for vulnerable seniors, preventing excessive use of medicines, increasing the value of work of employees of the health care network … the list is long and will take a while.
"We do not have a magic wand," says Mrs. Blais.
The next policy, which should be crossed out, should be the national policy of the guardian. However, its deposit planned at the end of the year will be delayed. The statements should rather be presented "at the beginning of 2020", hopes the minister, revealing that a second consultation with various stakeholders should take place.
"The stakes are high," says Mrs. Blais. It's better to do it well than to make a policy that's half fancy. "
After decades of failed research, governments must "declare war" to Alzheimer to find a cure for everyone, according to a researcher from Quebec.
In 1971, US President Richard Nixon, whose troops were still deployed in Vietnam, intended to carry out another fight on the scientific front: he declared war on cancer.
Almost 50 years later, similar movement is needed to prevent the continued progression of Alzheimer's disease, says researcher Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital, Gilbert Bernier. "It was in the 70s with cancer and it paid off. For Alzheimer's it looks like governments are waiting, waiting, waiting … ", he regrets, demanding a" political will "to attack.
Gilbert Bernier and his team revealed the results of ten years of research last year. They identified a way to reactivate a gene that could be responsible for Alzheimer's disease. They are not the only ones who survive despite unsuccessful research for forty years. Throughout the world, dozens of teams of scientists with the brightest minds work hard to achieve the same goal: to find a cure.
But "no matter what the neurodegenerative dementia", in 2019. There is still "nothing that could be healed" (concerns people), "explains Martine Simard, a professor specializing in geriatric neuropsychology.
All the efforts made since the 1970s have been in vain because the progression of dementia can not be slowed down or reversed. Four modest medicines improve the quality of life, but are not effective in all patients.
"This is one of the biggest challenges in the world of health," says John Breitner, director of Douglas Institute, describing research as "frustrating but encouraging." "It's frustrating because we've been trying to break the secret for decades," he says. You have to be careful with predictions because there have been so many failures. "
At the dawn of a massive aging society, "we will have to change the game and invest considerable resources to better understand these diseases and treat them," Gilbert Bernier says.
Treatment for neurodegenerative diseases is the Holy Grail of researchers, but its discovery is not a promise of a successful scientific approach or not.
"If we can slow down the decline in cognitive function, stop it or even reverse the course of the disease, it is a phenomenal gain," underlines the Director of Research at the Quebec Federation of Alzheimer Societies, Nouha Bengaied,