Pneumonia can kill nearly 11 million children under the age of five by 2030 if current trends persist. This is the result of the projection of the American university and the Save the Children non-governmental organization, presented on Monday for World Pneumonia Day.
Of these 10.8 million deaths in two countries, 1.7 million can occur: Nigeria and India. 700,000 children will die of this disease in Pakistan and 635,000 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Vaccines and better nutrition
Pneumonia is an acute respiratory infection affecting the lungs. It can be caused by viruses, bacteria or fungi and is the leading infectious cause of death in children. It "causes 15% of the total deaths of children under 5 years old". In 2015, according to the WHO, 922,000 children died of this disease.
Almost 1 million children die of pneumonia each year.
Half of these deaths are combined #AirPollution.
I STOP Pneumonia. Time to do it #BreatheLife.https: //t.co/0mO6cmC7Q7 pic.twitter.com/KFw0fbmu2N
– World Health Organization (WHO) (@WHO) November 12, 2018
It can be reduced by "immunization, satisfactory nutritional status and better environmental factors," says WHO. According to the study, 4.1 million children can be saved thanks to several measures: growth
vaccination around the world, provide access to antibiotics and improve nutrition.
"It's unthinkable that nearly a million children die each year because of illness that we can win," said Kevin Watkins, head of Save the Children. "There is no world summit or a march against pneumonia, but anyone who cares about children's health should consider this neglected killer as a priority."