The number of cases of measles in the world increased by 300% in the period from January to March 2019. Compared with the first three months of last year. Although preliminary, the data published today by the World Health Organization (WHO) show growth on all continents, mainly in Africa and Europe.
From January to March, the agency received reports on 112 163 measles cases in 170 countries. In the same period last year, there were 28,123 cases in 163 countries.
In general, this is almost a 300% increase. In Africa, the increase was 700%, followed by Europe (300%), the Middle East (100%), the Americas (60%) and Southeast Asia (40%)
World Health Organization (WHO)
However, the indexes may still be much higher. WHO estimates that in fact less than 1 in 10 cases are reported. "Although these data are temporary, they point to a clear trend," the WHO said in a statement. "Many countries are among the major outbreaks of measles, and all regions of the world are experiencing an increase in cases."
The body emphasizes the existence of outbreaks "causing death mainly among children" in at least 11 countries: the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Madagascar, Myanmar, the Philippines, Sudan, Thailand and Ukraine.
However, in recent months there have been peaks in countries with high rates of vaccination, including in the United States, Israel, Thailand and Tunisia. WHO says that "the disease spreads rapidly among unvaccinated people".
Although the WHO stresses that "data is incomplete, as many countries with large epidemics continue to report data", Brazil reported fewer cases between January and March of this year compared to the same period in 2018: 48 diagnoses (all in March ), compared to 82 last year, eight in February and 74 in March.
Last year, Brazil notified WHO 10,326 cases, and since 2008, 11,558 patients. The return of measles in the country began officially in January 2018. When this was the first suspicion of Venezuelan patients who came to Brazil on the run poverty and crisis in the neighboring country. Roraima, Amazonas, Pará, Rio Grande do Sul and Rio de Janeiro suffered the most.
In the report from measles recorded this year, Brazil confirms that viral infections circulate on the territory of the country for more than a year, which will cost the certificate that the country eradicated the disease, a document released in 2016. By WHO.
In the United States, the city of New York has declared a state of emergency due to an explosion in Brooklyn. The city council demanded that non-vaccinated residents of the region adopt the vaccine for the risk of paying the fine. In total, 285 cases were confirmed among the Orthodox Jewish community in the Williamsburg district.
Throughout the country, 465 cases have been confirmed in 19 states, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The Odra is one of the most contagious diseases. By 2017, 110,000 people died worldwide. Those who survive are at risk of some complications, "even in high-income countries." "Up to a quarter of hospitalizations can include brain damage and blindness to hearing loss," says WHO.
The disease can almost completely be prevented thanks to two doses of the vaccine. "However, for several years, the global coverage of the first dose of measles vaccine has stopped at 85 percent. This is still far from the 95 percent needed to prevent outbreaks, "concludes WHO.