Three of the four Argentinean doctors recommend drinking wine in moderation and completely counter-indicative, according to a study recently presented at the international congress and coordinated by cardiologist Ricardo López Santi, who showed that there is no agreement among professionals about the consumption of this drink,
A study of 745 Argentinian physicians -671 cardiologists, 18 specialists in internal medicine, 17 family doctors and 36 other specialties – and presented at the World Congress of Cardiology, which took place this month in Dubai, was supported by the Argentine federation Cardiology (FAC) and approved by the Ethics Council in the Research of the University of the Queen in Canada.
The results are preliminary, as they will be supplemented with data provided by specialists from Canada and Uruguay, in countries where research is also conducted on the impact of alcohol on cardiovascular health.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the recommended daily dose, known as UBE (Standard Drink Unit), contains about 10 grams of alcohol, which corresponds to a glass of 100 milliliters wine, a pitcher of 250 beer or a glass of 30 milliliters of whiskey.
In addition, the measures vary depending on the sex: due to differences in metabolism, two UBEs are recommended for men and one for women per day.
Regarding the observations regarding moderate alcohol consumption, 71% of physicians in the country believe that moderate intake is "beneficial" to cardiovascular health, although half (36%) state that this effect occurs "in particular with red wine" . "
Meanwhile, 24% (179/737) stated that "any intake is harmful", while the other 5% (37/737) had different opinions.
The study found that three out of four physicians recommend their patients to drink in moderation, while one counterintends it completely.
"Excessive alcohol consumption creates a sanitary risk because, according to the WHO, this is the cause of more than 200 diseases that cause 3.3 million deaths annually," he told the agency. Telam López Santi.
However, mild to moderate consumption "has not been reported as a health risk," and in particular wine is associated with "prevention of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer," he said.
"It looks double: on the one hand, excessive intake can damage several organs, including the heart, causing enlargement and heart failure, whereas moderate intake, especially of red wine, shows signs of fewer people."
And he continued: "This was noteworthy, especially after the studies published in the 1990s, which analyzed the French diet, with a high fat content and, contrary to expectations, less presence of ischemic heart disease."
"This is known as the" French paradox "and has been attributed to moderate and regular consumption of wine, so it is estimated that drinking 200 centimeters of cubic wine five times a week can be the right dose for men, and half for women," he said.
When consulting about the differences in doctors' recommendations, Lopez Santi noted that a study coordinated with Canadian Adrian Baranczuk was "looking for answers".
"Over 80% of the doctors surveyed said they were not satisfied with their knowledge of international consumer guidelines and said that these measures are misleading, and four out of ten people said they did not know them," he said.