Data from nearly 400 studies analyzed by scientists suggest that for people with high blood pressure, exercises like walking, swimming and strength training seem to be as good as most medications used in treatment. However, the team warns this People should not stop taking medication until further research is done.
"We do not believebased on our research, patients should stop taking antihypertensive drugs"Naci told the British New Scientist magazine. One thing is to recommend that doctors start prescribing exercises to their patients, but we also need to make sure that patients who have been referred for interventions can use them and, in fact, benefit, he says.
Huseyin Naci from the London School of Economics and colleagues analyzed data from 194 trials that reviewed the effects of drugs on lowering high blood pressure and 197 attempts to assess the impact of organized physical exercise. The tests included almost a total 40,000 people, but none of them directly compared exercise with drugs.
The team found that blood pressure was lower in people treated with medication than those who used organized exercise programs. But when the analysis was limited only to people with high blood pressure, the exercise seemed so effective as medicines.
The combination of resistance exercises such as cycling and walking, and dynamic resistance training, such as strength training, has proved particularly effective in lowering blood pressure.
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High blood pressure, also known as Hypertension affects four out of 10 adults, although many people do not realize they have themLeaving without treatment can increase the risk of such problems as heart attacks and strokes.
In the group of cardiovascular diseases High blood pressure is a major risk factor for death and diseases around the world, in particular, cause myocardial infarction, stroke, renal failure, blindness, peripheral vascular disease and heart failure. This risk increases if the disease coexists with others, especially with diabetes.
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According to the latest global burden of disease research, every year 1.6 million deaths due to cardiovascular diseases in the North American regionof which about half a million are people under 70 yearswhich is considered a premature and avoidable death. The hypertension affects 20-40% adult population of the region and means that in both Americas 250 million people suffer from high blood pressure.
This is the first cause of disease in developed countries; the second cause of the disease, after smoking, in developing countries; the first cause of stroke and heart failure and the second cause of acute coronary syndrome.