Original title: The twelfth session of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress was held in Beijing
The project under consideration involves a number of serious maintenance problems
Xinhua Comprehensive News Agency On August 22, Beijing held the twelfth session of the Permanent Committee of the 13th National People's Congress, which continued to review the amended draft Act on Drug Administration and the draft Civil Code personality law, draft tort liability etc. Draft Act. People's livelihood issues, such as drug management, privacy and parabolic items involved in the project, have attracted public attention.
Keywords personality rights
Further clarification of the scope of personal rights is proposed
The draft personality code of the Civil Code and the draft project of liability for tort were forwarded to the XII Meeting of the 13th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress for the purpose of deliberation. On the 22nd day of the draft personality act the scope of personal rights was clarified.
The definition of personality rights is defined in the third draft Code of the Civil Code: personality rights are the right to life, body, health, name, surname, portrait, reputation, honor and privacy of civil entities. Rights and other rights as well as provisions regarding the civil rights of civilian entities are protected by law.
In recent years, there have often been furtive photos from pinhole cameras in hotels, guesthouses, fitting rooms and other places, which have caused public concern. In the Civil Code Personality Review Project, the definition of "privacy" was changed to "private spaces, private activities and private information that individuals are not willing to know for others" and provisions have been added: unless the law provides otherwise or has not been agreed by the rights holder. No organization or individual can search, enter, view, photograph houses, hotel rooms and other private spaces of others. At the same time, three draft versions of the review contain 'email address' and 'whereabouts' regarding personal data.
Keywords high altitude parabola
Determination of responsibility for high altitude parabolic fall
In recent years, there have been frequent cases of falling parabolic objects in high places around the world, and "safety overhead" is worrying. To this end, the draft review of the civil code on civil liability is clear: it is forbidden to throw objects out of buildings. If an item is thrown out of the building or an object falling from the building causes damage to others, the perpetrator bears criminal liability under the law.
Due to the difficulty in identifying the perpetrators of the infringement in court practice, it is difficult to cause "one person to pay compensation for the entire building". The draft third draft proposal states that the relevant authorities should immediately investigate in accordance with the law and find a responsible person. If, after an investigation, it is difficult to determine the specific perpetrator of the infringement, the provisions on compensation for building users who may be harmed shall apply. If the perpetrator of the violation is found after compensation to the building user who may be injured, the right to recover the perpetrator of the violation.
The draft review also emphasized that the building manager should take the necessary security measures to prevent such occurrences; if the necessary security measures are not taken, liability for tort or failure to comply with security obligations is assumed in accordance with the law.
Second review of the draft resource tax bill
Accelerating the implementation of the "tax law"
The draft Resource Tax Act was submitted to the twelfth meeting of the Standing Committee of the XIII National People's Congress for deliberation 22. During the meeting, the report on the results of the review of the draft Resource Tax Act prepared by Zhou Guangquana, deputy director of the Constitution and National Law Committee of the People's Congress, was heard. Zhou Guangquan said that to introduce a statutory taxation rule, it is necessary to standardize the resource tax system and formulate the resource tax law. The project has been reviewed and improved and is relatively mature.
This time the draft was presented for consideration to the highest legislative body for the second time, releasing an important signal to accelerate the Chinese tax process. The second draft project changed the expression of the scope of taxation from "exploitation of mineral products or production salt in accordance with the Act" to "development of taxable resources"; at the same time, it is clear that a certain range of taxable resources will be subject to the "resource tax" associated with this Act. The tax rate table is set. In accordance with the draft of the second draft, the Council of State, in accordance with the needs of national economic and social development, in accordance with the principles of this Act, pilot the application of a tax on water resources from units and persons using surface or groundwater. If a water resource tax is charged, a water resource fee will be charged. In addition, the draft second review added provisions to reduce resource taxes related to heavy oil extraction, high condensation oil and tertiary oil recovery.
It is proposed to clarify the first system of responsibility for the quality of drugs
There is a problem with the quality of the drugs. Who is the consumer who has already taken the medicine for protection? The amended draft Drug Administration Act, which was presented to the twelfth meeting of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress, aims to clarify the first system of responsibility for the quality of drugs, i.e. Who first receives the victim's request for compensation, which will pay first. This means that when a drug quality problem occurs, the drug user can find the body responsible for claiming compensation as soon as possible so that the masses can resolve the dispute quickly. It is worth noting that the marketing authorization holder is also covered by the first quality responsibility system. In terms of subject.
Drug violations will be clearly identified
The current law has a broad definition of the scope of counterfeit and inferior drugs, which is not convenient for precise punishment. The amended bill on drug administration clearly defines the scope of counterfeit and worse drugs. In the second draft review of the amended design, drugs that must be approved and not approved for production and import must be checked for drugs that are prohibited by the Drug Regulatory Authority of the Council of State in the event of "presumption of counterfeit drugs". Drugs that have been tested and sold with drugs that must be approved for the production of unapproved APIs use unapproved packaging materials for direct contact with pharmaceuticals and medicines produced in containers and clearly prohibit the production, import, sale and use. These drugs are subject to severe penalties.
The second draft amended proposal suggests that the import of a small number of drugs that have been legally exchanged abroad without permission can be alleviated if the circumstances are minor; those that do not cause injury or delay treatment can be released from punishment.