Marcel Moreno Wilches
Latin Agency for Medicine and Public Health News
A study dubbed by a group of researchers, “The Effect of Low-Carbohydrate-Ketogenic Diet on Metabolic Syndrome in Obese Adult Latinos,” led by Dr. Jesús Román, Jorge Vera and Brenda Ríos, demonstrates the influence of the low-carb ketogenic diet on the metabolic syndrome.
In an interview with the Journal of Medicine and Public Health (MSP) Paola Verónica Daza, a family medicine resident at Bella Vista Hospital for the last year and one of the members of the research group, emphasizes that investigative work was carried out to seek to change some parameters and intention to provide information for the advancement of medicine.
The Latinos’ diet is very high in carbohydrates, and its impact on other diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, largely reflects the percentage of health damage.
Viviana Daza, a medical resident, notes that in 2012, a study was published in the United States in which almost 34% of the population suffered from MetS, and 34% of them, around 46%, are Hispanic and Puerto Ricans, mainly women.
Therefore, these family medicine specialists have tried to provide general management of this particular pathology, realizing the greater health benefits.
After looking through many publications in the field of medicine, you can see that for 2008 in the publication Volek et. et al. have shown that a reduced carbohydrate (DRC) diet provides a greater reduction in cardiovascular risk factors (CV) compared to a low-fat diet.
While eliminating certain fats is believed to have a more positive effect on reducing cardiovascular disease in 2008, various studies have found that it doesn’t really have a positive effect on reducing fat levels.
Dr. Daza also pointed out that a low-carbohydrate diet allows you to maintain a balance, thanks to which the parameters of cardiovascular diseases are significantly reduced.
Referring to other studies, he noted “It has been shown that by reducing the consumption of fat in the body, there is an increase in rather small particles of fat, which may predispose us to cardiovascular disease, the ketogenic diet in these studies showed that there is an equilibrium in which the parameters of cardiovascular diseases significantly decrease” .
Purpose of the study
Studies conducted between November 2019 A and completed in January 2020 have so far proved to be the only specific study in this population that combines metabolic rate with indicators that increase the number of cardiovascular diseases.
MetS predisposes people to cardiovascular disease (CVD), the leading cause of death worldwide. In addition to common factors such as weight, blood pressure, cholesterol and sugar levels, other prognostic factors for cardiovascular disease have been proven, such as insulin resistance as measured by a homeostatic model (HOMA-IR), waist-to-height ratio, and HDL triglycerides. .
Based on a 2008 approach and a study by Volet et al., The researchers estimated that switching to a low-carbohydrate diet instead of a low-fat diet would be more flattering.
Population that took part in the survey
The study intention was announced and 655 potential patients who had gone through the inclusion and exclusion process were registered, 50 people took part in the study, before and after labs were conducted, and 32 were successfully entered. patients who completed the study 22.
“During the eight sessions in which they were informed about the low-carb diet, they were not specifically told that they had to eat, but were informed about possible flexibility, schedules, took many patients with diabetes and hypertension and that they were taking oral medications, we measured them, weighed and the end of the study we did it all again, re-measured, reweighed, performed laboratory tests and we were able to conclude that the low-carbohydrate diet had such a significant impact on the number and parameters of our patients”, He expressed.
Long-term glycemic control with a low-carb diet has been proven to be very important and has shown a positive change, in addition to a significant decrease in glycosylated hemoglobin, which is practically the average of the sugar found in the last three months, and that It’s like the morning sugar report plus insulin levels and a decrease in cholesterol
Research highlights encouraging results in important areas such as HOMA-IR, HbA1c, insulin, total cholesterol, triglycerides, triglyceride / HDL ratio, waist-to-height ratio, body weight, abdominal circumference, creatinine, GFR, and BMI. In PHQ, no negative psychological effects were reported as a result of medical intervention or adjustment to the diet change.
The results encourage the use of ketogenic CRD to improve in addition to factors such as weight loss and height reduction, improvement in kidney function, and possibly preventing MetS without pharmacological intervention.
The study participants showed a statistically significant improvement in MetS parameters (triglycerides and abdominal circumference).
Other mentions in medical literature
In 1920, Dr. Wilder of the Mayo Clinic proposed the benefits of ketosis in the treatment of refractory epilepsy or seizures, and had a positive effect, but with regard to cardiovascular disease, it has only been studied in recent years.
The study served as a pilot for future studies on a larger group of patients. Until now, the effects of a low-carbohydrate diet could be compared with the parameters predisposing to cardiovascular diseases.
“Diet would be a good weapon against these diseases, and the best part is that it’s based solely on diet, not medication, even many study participants have stopped taking some medication“, Concluded the medical resident.