Will the iPad eliminate the teacher? Games, science and myopia are becoming new problems
□ 佘 颖
The teacher does a good job, it's just a hurried lesson in the student's life, only accompanying them for several years. Teachers need to find an assistant to awaken a real understanding of educational education and to awaken understanding of the latest technologies.
When Apple invented the iPad and the iPhone, I'm afraid that these square gadgets will affect a teacher's career with thousands of years of history. Today's teachers have to compete with mobile phones to earn head-up rates, compete with online slogans and learn to use various support applications, and recently there was one more task – to fight myopia with children on the Internet.
Will the iPad eliminate the teacher? How should teachers teach students who will be playing on the iPad from an early age?
The teaching profession will not die, but the teacher will be eliminated over time.
Wang Yanming, a mathematics teacher at Second Affiliated Middle School at the University of Normal in Beijing, did not think about teaching mathematics in high school for over 20 years. One day he will be forced to use the Internet.
"I organized a few questions and found that the students were looking for questions and homework with a small squat, they took a picture and scanned the answer." Wang Yanming was very annoyed. "I did not ask for a copy in the past." Now, even with mobile phones and iPads, some children even use it as a quick way to solve their homework. Sometimes the answers given by the application are still wrong and the students find it harder to correct them after being misled. "
From then on, Wang Yanming felt the challenge of technology. "Technology is before education, students are looking for answers on the Internet, the teacher is no longer the authority of knowledge". She is surprised that the students did not know the answer earlier, the teacher was only before the students. Knowledge will not make the teacher look very smart, and the students will listen carefully to the analysis. But now the students already know the answer via the Internet: the teacher talks about it and what they already know. "What are you saying?"
"One of the challenges of the Internet is that the teacher's authority is no longer taken for granted." Chu Zhaohui, a scientist from the Chinese Academy of Educational Sciences, believes that teachers have the absolute right to speak in the past. But now children know more. Well-informed students and parents not only question the teacher's level of teaching, but also have different controversies about the existing education management and assessment system.
In short, the teacher still wants to use "fixed matching" and "this is the way" to deal with students, and it did not work.
Chu Zhaohui remembers that an American university conducted a survey some time ago, which is called the future of what will die, and one of the most unlikely to die is a teacher. But he reminded you that you should not paralyze data. "The teaching profession will not die, but it does not mean that the teacher will not be eliminated, and the teachers will not keep up with the times and can not keep up with the information technology, they will be eliminated."
In actual work, Chu Zhaohui discovered that teachers' knowledge in China is very old. "80% of teachers may not learn after college, how can teachers keep up with changing times?"
The famous Khan Academy has teacher interaction offline.
"Do we do homework to find the answer?". Wang Yanming thought: "When we all know this answer, my wisdom lies in the way of thinking that leads this answer: this internet can not be passed on to students." .
The next question he faces is how to better convey his way of thinking to students in the information age, transforming technology into their own help, not into resistance.
The first thing that Wang Yanming discovered was that an app called "Learning Middle School" can help a teacher ask questions. "Many people do not know that mathematical problems are updated and changed every year. The problem 10 years ago is definitely useless, and 5 years ago it was outdated." Wang Yanming used to get stuck in the past, clearly remembering the problem. The type of question is particularly good, I want to implement it, but I do not remember where I saw it.
But in the case of middle school applications, it is enough to choose topics according to the teaching progress and add fancy topics to the test newspaper to the test newspaper, just as it is as easy as adding items to the basket in the online shopping center. Every year there are dozens of high-level examination papers across the country, and for three or five years, hundreds of sets of documents, the number of questions and their number are constantly updated, which is much faster than self-collecting questions.
"When MOOC appeared, some people said they do not need a teacher in the future, students can learn online." However, Wang Yanming discovered that MOOC is an open shared resource, and anyone can learn, but can actually survive. Very few, even the famous Khan Academy conducts interactive tutoring. "This is especially true in the case of mathematics: students must remain in science and development, and teachers are persistent."
Li Aihua, an English teacher at Harbin 141 Middle School, also thinks that technology is not a panacea, it can only be the icing on the cake. "When I used the Middle School app together, I also did a lot of offline work. If students are required to read the vocabulary everyday, can not check with a mobile phone, have to go back to the paper dictionary, so every child in our class has a dictionary and grammar, the same I deal with exercises, I have part of the classes, I use middle school applications to select 10 questions and combine offline and online exercises. "She concluded:" Now is the information age. Our education should be varied, learning not only from books, mobile phones are not they are devils that lead people to erroneous thinking, teachers must learn to guide children. "
From a more macro perspective, Jiang Yu, assistant researcher in the research department of the Central Center for Electrochemical Education, is more familiar with the changes that bring large data to education. "In the original assessment system, a student who did not listen to the class or loved to learn was just a teacher's student". Jiang Yu said that thanks to the data you can check if the students are learning, what they have learned and what problems they have. Behavior of the teacher in teaching, questions of students and teacher interaction with students can be registered and used to analyze teaching connections. Individual student data can be used for better personalized learning.
Internet and Big Data really provide teachers and students with personalized learning tools. When you realize this, both the teacher and the student will pay more attention to the new technology.
New questions: games, science and myopia
In recent years, China has actively promoted computerization of education, mainly to address the issue of educational equality and to promote educational balance through the Internet. But educational capital will not be realized naturally with the opening of the Internet. Even with 100% coverage, all teaching resources are common and the requirements for teachers are very large.
"The characteristics and level of students in each region are different, for example, the University of Normal University's program resources are very good, but are appropriate for the cognitive level and learning abilities of every child in our class." A teacher at school, Li Aihua has long understood that when using online tools, the teacher's ability to process information and the ability to analyze specific problems will be more important. "Teaching teachers must be further improved".
The popularity of the Internet has also caused a new problem that nobody has ever thought about – myopters' short-sightedness. August 30 this year The Ministry of Education and other eight departments issued the "Integrated Prevention and Control Program for Children and Young People with Myopia" and suggested that students should not bring electronic products such as mobile phones and tablets into the classroom and bring them to school to ensure uniform care. School education uses electronic products in a rational manner, according to the "on-demand" principle. Teaching and arranging documents is not based on electronic products In general, the use of electronic teaching products does not exceed 30% of the total teaching time.
This principle makes teachers slightly confused, because the use of electronic products is already the norm, it also has a significant impact on improving student performance, it is necessary that "one size fits all" and are not sure. According to their own experience, Wang Yanming and Li Aihua suggested that if it is only an auxiliary tool, didactic software is still needed.
Jiang Yu thinks that this is not a teaching tool, but a tendency to gamification in the tool. "There are many educational systems and platforms that hope to use certain elements and mechanisms of the game to encourage students to quickly provide feedback and set inspection goals, and hope to achieve a happy learning state. That's fine." Jiang Yu thinks that the key is to improve reading skills among students and teach them to control the time of their use. The teacher does a good job, it's just a hurried lesson in the student's life, only accompanying them for several years. Teachers need to find an assistant to awaken a real understanding of education and to awaken the perception of the latest technologies.