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Be a father Spider-Man. pontoon. Thor. Iron Man. Fantastic 4. Black Panther. The Avengers and X-Men it's enough to get an honorary place in the history of the comic for eternity. However, Stan Lee (for fans of "The Man" or "The Smilin", smiling) was also something more. A great creator of characters and stories, of course, but also a publisher, manager, producer: a central figure not only from a creative point of view, but also for many different aspects that make up the comics industry. His name is associated with Marvel, who in the 1960s revolutionized the world of paper superheroes, and today is the hero of the cinema.
Stan Lee, the man who made people superheroes
This adventure begins a few decades ago. In 1961, Lee, born in New York in 1922, works for Martin Goodman's Magazine Management Company, another key figure in the American comic. The Timely Comics of Goodman was indeed one of the kings of the market in the 1940s: run by Captain AmericaThe most important publications of Timely & # 39; ego had an average circulation in the register of half a million copies during the war. Then the crisis and the need to renew before the competition DCon the waves of moralism, which in the post-war period were aimed at many comics, but also at times that have changed and begged for new heroes and new characters.
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In 1961, Lee and designer Jack Kirby (co-author of Captain America) to create Fantastic 4. On the wave of this success, next year Lee offers Spider-Man, this time with designer Steve Ditko. The release is now Marvel Comics, and the rain of the new superheroes will continue uninterrupted.
It is unbelievable to see today a list of characters who were born in this period from Lee's imagination and pencils of great designers (with whom he had variable relationships, between great creative moments and heated discussions): Hulk (1962, with Jack Kirby), Thor (1962, from Kirby and Larry Lieber), Iron Man (1963, from Lieber and Don Heck), X-Man (1963, from Kirby), Doctor Strange (1963, from Ditko), Daredevil (1964, from Bill Everett), Black Panther (1966) from Kirby). To distinguish them from the form of DC, they are more human and problematic, as summarized in the joyful slogan of "superheroes with superproblems".
In those years, Marvel's "House of Ideas" represented something new and fresh. Lee was a beating heart: not only a creator, but also a great seller, always looking for new market spaces. The supervisor of the most important series, editor-in-chief and, for a short time, the president, had an intuition to refresh the old characters of Timely Comics, updating them publicly and sensitivities of contemporary American society (among them the greatest success represented by the return to Captain America kiosks, sweetened by the most reactionary aspects).
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In addition, Lee established a direct relationship with the audience, thanks to his unmistakable way of writing and presenting the story, to his editorial articles, to the readers' answers on the e-mail pages. Among Marvel fans at that time it was also Federico FelliniDuring your trip to the USA for promotion Julia ghoststhe great director visited the publishing house at 625 Madison Avenue in New York, where he met Lee and the editors.
The golden moment begins to end at the end of the 1960s, when the entire American comics sector reduces sales. The 1970s and 1980s are divided between the crisis and the regaining of popularity, but from then on Stan Lee was convinced that one of the ways that could lead to the revival of the superhero genre was the movie: television and cinema. What today seems obvious to young people accustomed to computer graphics was not when there was no technological opportunity for the superhero to become truly credible on a large (or small) screen.
Goodbye Stan Lee, father of Marvel's superheroes
Today, Marvel is no longer just a publishing house, but a group (Marvel Entertainment) active in several entertainment sectors, acquired by Disney in 2009. And the paper superheroes have their cinematic rebirth for years. Not everything that hit Lee in the last decades has turned into gold, as it was in the 1960s, and especially in recent years, many news about Spider-Man's father concerned not only comics and films, but also trials and Diatribes with his associates involved in the management of his image and heritage, as well as the death of his wife Joanna in 2017, after 70 years of marriage.
Not only his name, but his face is still very popular, thanks to the "fun" in Marvel's films. All the fans knew that in every new movie or TV adventure of his superheroes, sooner or later he would come out. As a postman, a passenger on the bus, a hot dog vendor, a bartender: small roles and short performances that the viewers competed for finding. One more way to wink to your audience and make amused his myth.