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[건강] Test your health check for over 40 years and osteoporosis



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Few people will receive health checks at the end of the year. The health research scoreboard hides future diseases, but there are many researchers who slip away without serious illnesses such as cancer and cardiovascular vessels.

Kim Min-ju, a professor at Gangnam Center, Seoul National University Hospital, said that "middle-aged women are required to undergo osteoporosis testing." "Health check for irregularities in my body. If you resolve osteoporosis, you can see it as "many holes in bone tissue."

This is a dangerous condition in which bones break easily due to a decrease in bone mass and bone density. The bones are hard and it can be said that they have no internal changes, but in fact they are dynamic tissues that are kept over and over again. Bone mass increases in the early 1930s and then decreases with age, increasing the risk of osteoporosis. Recently, as the middle age increases, the prevalence of osteoporosis continues to increase.
Watch out for osteoporosis because the bones are brittle and can easily crack even with a slight impact. With age, your vision, hearing and sense of balance decrease, making it easier to fall. Falling people with osteoporosis can easily break the spine, hip joints and wrists. Recovery after a broken bone takes a long time. For this reason, it is necessary to constantly manage bones since the Middle Ages to prevent fractures.

Forty years is the first interim health examination. This is an important time to go to the Middle Ages. Screening for osteoporosis is available free of charge at the age of 65, which is the second health test, but it is best to do it in the mid-1940s and early 1950s. This is because bone density begins to decrease around the age of 30. and continues to decrease since the Middle Ages. In particular, if you have risk factors associated with osteoporosis, you should actively check bone density.

Osteoporosis occurs most often in lean people, early postmenopausal women, rheumatoid arthritis, people undergoing gastrointestinal surgery, corticosteroids, thyroid hormones and anticoagulants. The same applies to smokers, people who drink too much alcohol and coffee, as well as family fractures. Bone density screening can be used to diagnose osteopenia as well as osteopenia. Osteopenia is not as good as osteoporosis, but bone density is relatively low.

Professor Kim emphasized: "Basically, getting enough calcium and vitamin D and continuous exercise will help prevent osteoporosis. Smoking and sobriety also strengthen bones. "

The first nutrient you should eat to improve bone density is calcium. It is good to eat as much food as possible. The recommended daily allowance for adults is 700-800 mg. Milk and dairy products, bone-fed fish, tofu, legumes, green and yellow vegetables and seaweed are numerous. In addition, vitamin D promotes calcium absorption and helps in the formation of calcium binding proteins, helping to form bones. Blue fish and mushrooms, milk enriched with vitamin D, egg yolks are rich in vitamin D.

Sunlight can also synthesize enough vitamin D. It is good to hurt yourself for 30 minutes – one hour in your limbs 2-3 times a week. The average calcium intake by Koreans is lower than recommended for both men and women. In particular, women over the age of 50 consume more than 100 mg of calcium in their diet than men, despite the increased incidence of osteoporosis due to hormonal changes. Bad Nutrition Oh Su-hyun, a dietitian from Seang National University Hospital Gangnam Center, said: "If you consult a professional dietitian about the amount, frequency and interaction of nutrients with calcium foods, you can take calcium better."

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