Such an unpleasant cough and sore neck, with which many of us meet in autumn and winter, can often be something that is not easy to deal with. What are the main causes of painful neck and cough and how to deal with them, explains Zanda Ozoliņa, pharmacist Benu Pharmacy.
Pharmacists indicate that the most common cause of neck pain is up to 90 percent of cases. It is important to understand the cause of the problem to combat it effectively. Only then can we choose the treatment method and recommended remedies. But it is best to prevent inflammation and disease, strengthening immunity.
Viruses and infections
Among the viruses that cause neck upsets are colds, flu, mononucleosis, measles, chickenpox or epidemic rhinitis. In addition, bacterial infections, the most common group of streptococcus bacteria, can cause a sore throat. Bacterial infections are more common in children, in about 40% of cases. An immune response to an allergen, such as pollen, can also cause symptoms such as nasal congestion, sneezing and pharyngitis. Dry air, smoking and other irritants can also cause inflammation of the mouth and throat.
How to avoid
In order to avoid sore throat, as one of the first factors, pharmacists mention immunity by feeding with natural foods such as ginger or garlic. Vitamin C available in a pharmacy at appropriate doses and echinacea (Echinacea purpurea) containing dietary supplements will strengthen the immune system of adults. In turn, the best solution for young children is the use of probiotics or immunomodulators, such as nut fruit extract containing dietary supplements. Of course, let's not forget about using our vitamin "sun" or vitamin D. Personal hygiene also reduces the spread of the virus, which causes a high risk of morbidity.
How important is immunity
With age, our immunity becomes weaker, so its strength determines whether we will get sick, and if the virus "attacks" behind the legs, the indicator is the length of our disease. Several factors influence resistance, but major pharmacists mention stress, insomnia, malnutrition and lack of physical activity. By sticking to a healthy and active lifestyle, we can avoid illness.
When the teas alone are not enough
In most cases, symptoms such as neck pain, runny nose, dry cough and slightly elevated temperatures are reduced within 7-10 days. Combined anti-inflammatory drugs can be used to relieve the disease, but this is not desirable. It is best to stay at home if you are sick – relax, drink a lot of liquid – both water and warm tea with ginger and honey, eat healthy, inhale with a mixture of medicinal herbs, such as chamomile and peppermint, rinse the neck with warm salt water . It is not recommended to drink hot and carbonated beverages because these necks can irritate even more.
However, if the neck aches for a long time, the nose is blocked and there is pain in the nasal cavity, and if the cough is longer than three weeks and the body temperature is elevated for a long time, it is advisable to contact a specialist who will provide appropriate treatment.
Carefully with antibiotics
Until the doctor has determined the cause of the sore throat or cough, antibiotics are not recommended, because it will not work in the case of disease caused by the virus, only further deterioration of the disease will destroy our immune shields or useful germs in the gastrointestinal tract. The use of the above-mentioned carbonated and hot drinks is also not recommended. Patients who are overheated should not be unnecessarily covered with blankets, or even cool. An extra moisturizer may be an additional agent for the forehead. For small patients, acetylsalicylic acid should not be used because of a possible Ray & # 39; syndrome to lower the temperature.
How to fight a dry and moist cough
At the time of the disease caused by the virus, the cough is often dry and itchy. Then, it is recommended to use cough-reducing or cough-suppressing drugs. Most often they contain Icelandic cucumbers or extracts from pine buds that soothe and moisturize the cough. Using a lot of fluid and taking into account the dose and periods of drug administration, the cough is already becoming productive. For these symptoms, it is recommended to use an expectorant, such as ivy or syrup, or, if the sputum is more pronounced, a chemical drug. Almost all these medicines should be taken with meals, taking the last daily dose at least three hours before bedtime. In addition, do not forget that you should drink a lot of liquid.
However, if the cough is too tiring or delayed, you should definitely contact a specialist who will provide you with the necessary treatment.
What is good for parents may not be suitable for children
Although some diseases are common in both adults and children, many children, such as Viruses associated with cold, many respiratory diseases in children are clearly different, children may develop severe respiratory diseases such as bronchitis. In the case of severe cough, parents should monitor the dynamics of wet coughing when using certain medications, regardless of whether they are prescribed by a pharmacist or prescribed by a doctor, if this dynamics is not observed, the drug should be changed. In the case of a dry, peptic ulcer, antihistamines can be added to anti-inflammatory drugs, which will reduce irritation. First of all you have to worry about a productive cough, because it often happens that small patients do not have to wake up, so when you go banging, the pillow does not fit almost horizontally, but a bit for free.
Always remember that we, adults, can describe our symptoms and cough, but small patients can not, therefore parents must listen to what cough is in a child and should consult with a specialist on the most appropriate therapy.