The World Health Organization warned on Monday, November 12, 2018, about the dangerous increase in the consumption of antibiotics in some countries, but also about insufficient consumption in other regions, which led to the appearance of "superbugs" "deadly.
Discovered in the 1920s, antibiotics saved tens of millions of lives by successfully combating bacteriological diseases such as pneumonia, tuberculosis and meningitis. But for decades, bacteria have changed to resist these drugs. To the extent that "Antibiotic resistance is one of the most serious threats to global health, food security and development today", WHO alarm."In the case of a growing number of infections, such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, sepsis and gonorrhea, and food-borne diseases, treatment becomes more difficult, sometimes impossible, due to loss of antibiotic efficacy."warns the organization, fearing to come"the age of decibilibi, in which joint infections and small wounds will again be lethal".
Excessive and incomplete consumption of antibiotics
"Excessive consumption and inadequate intake of antibiotics are the main causes of antimicrobial resistanceSuzanne Hill, head of the WHO basic medicine department, said in a statement that bacteria can become resistant when patients use antibiotics that they do not need or stop treating, giving bacteria a chance to survive and develop immunity. On the contrary, resistance may also occur "when patients can not afford full treatment or have access only to worse or falsified medicines", he noted the report.
The WHO report, based on data from 2015 collected in 65 countries and regions, shows a significant difference in consumption, from 4 daily defined doses (DDD) per 1,000 population per day in Burundi to more than 64 in Mongolia. "These differences indicate that some countries probably consume too many antibiotics, while others may not have sufficient access to these drugs."he warned the WHO in a statement.
EUROPEIn Europe, the average intake of antibiotics is 18 DDJ per 1000 inhabitants per day, and Turkey (38 DDJ) leads, almost 5 times more than in the last ranking, Azerbaijan (8 DDJ). However, the WHO acknowledges that its report is incomplete, as it covers only four African countries, three Middle East and six Asian and Pacific countries. The main absentees in this study are the United States, China and India.
"Without effective antibiotics and other antimicrobials, we will lose our ability to treat common infections, such as pneumonia"warns Suzanne Hill."We need to slow down the development and spread of resistance so that the available antibiotics are effective for as long as possibleDr. Marc Sprenger, director of WHO Antibiotic Secretariat, advises when to take an antibiotic to go. "always at the end of treatment, even if you feel better because stopping treatment too early helps to promote the development of drug-resistant bacteriaWHO also recommends limiting the spread of infection "immunization, hand washing, safer sex and good food hygiene"Other tips: never ask antibiotics for advice from a carer and do not prepare food"observing the five keys of healthy food (keep them clean, separate raw and cooked foods, cook them well, keep them at the right temperature)".
What to do at its level? The answer in this WHO infographic, which can be found in the larger, by clicking here.
Find new treatments
Microbial resistance can affect anyone, regardless of age or country. The World Health Organization has repeatedly warned that the world will run out of effective antibiotics, and last year a specialized UN agency has called on states and large pharmaceutical companies to create a new generation of drugs to fight ultra-resistant "superbugs". "Time is running out", sums up Dr. Marc Sprenger.
CG with AFP