AP FACT CHECK: Trump distorts immigration


WASHINGTON – President Donald Trump overwhelmed the theory and false number of immigration while trying to raise voters' concerns about immigration in Mexico, and used the final days of the campaign to seek economic benefits for minorities that they have not yet achieved.

Look at the 11th rhetoric before the election on Tuesday and on reality:


TRUMP is attracting non-democratic votes: "We have the best unemployment figure, the best median income for all these groups. We have the best number we've ever had … African Americans have to worry because they will lose them. "- Fox interview on Monday.

FACTS: Did not get the best median revenue figures for all non-white groups. Both African Americans and Asian Americans received higher income before the Trump administration.

The average income of the black household last year was $ 40,258, according to the Census Bureau. This is below $ 42,348 in 2000 and is not statistically better than in 2016, during the term of office of President Barack Obama.

According to many economists, since mid-2009, economic growth has continued in Obama's first period as the primary explanation of recent rental and earnings. More importantly, there are many indications that the racial property gap is deteriorating even after the unemployment rate has declined.

As far as Asian Americans are concerned, average household income averaged $ 81,331 last year. In 2016 it was $ 83,182.



TRUMP, to accommodate migrants who are illegally migrating by immigrants to immigrants who are waiting for immigration hearings: "We are not making any freedoms, what happened in the past years, they came in, released them and they will never appear in their trial. there are millions of people in this country that happened in many years, "says reporters on Wednesday.

The facts: Not nearly 25 million to 30 million, the number has not increased in recent years.

The non-party Pew Research Center estimates that in 2016 illegally there were 11.3 million immigrants in the United States, the most recent data. This figure has basically not changed since 2009. Representative groups on both sides of the immigration question have similar estimates.

The number of such immigrants reached 12.2 million in 2007, accounting for about 4% of the US population before falling back partly to the weakening US economy.


TRUMP, a tweeting of a video film democratizing a man entering the United States who killed two policemen: "All I'm saying is that I'm right." – reports reporters on Friday.

THE FACTS: The video that is about to speak does not tell the truth. He says the Democrats leave Luis Bracamontes in the country and "leave it there".

Bracamontes entered the United States illegally in 1996, in the Democratic Administration of Bill Clinton, but deported this government the following year after receiving crack cocaine and punishing him. She has returned several times. When they were sentenced to death in police custody in California in 2014, they were deported four times, according to Sheriff Scott Jones, Sacramento County.

In the episode, Democrats did not allow their leniency. The Democratic and the Republican administration deported hundreds of thousands of people each year, and with the involvement of a single public body, Trump, everyone illegally tried to enter.


TRUMP about what US troops must do if they meet migrants who want to reach the Mexican border: "I did not say shoot, I did not shoot," says reporters on Friday.

THE FACTS: One day before, he told the immigrants: "They want to throw snake on our soldiers, returning our fighting soldiers, and tell them they are considered a rifle.

The parade is mostly peaceful. One of the caravan immigrants faced mexican policemen at the border of Mexico-Guatemala with stones.


TRUMP: "President Obama has separated the children from the parents and no one complained. When we went to the same law, the country was crazy" – immigrant speech on Thursday.

The Facts: Actually, Obama did not do the same thing as politics.

Although the underlying laws were the same, the Trump administration mandated that anyone who illegally crossed the border would have been punished by a crime. This policy meant that adults were brought to justice in criminal proceedings and separated their children and sent to the health and humanitarian service, which is responsible for caring for unaccompanied immigrant children. Trump's zero tolerance policy remains in force, but on June 20 he signed an executive order that interrupted unbundling.

Jeh Johnson, Homeland Security Secretary of Obama, recently told the NPR that they were unusual or caused emergencies when the children were taken by the parents, but there was no such policy.


TRUMP: "At this moment, large, well-organized migratory caravans are moving towards the southern border, some call it an invasion … These are often difficult people, many young men, strong men and many people we might not want in our country … This not an innocent group of people, many people are hard, they are injured and attacked. "- immigration speech.

The Facts: There is no evidence that caravans are roughly dangerous, hardened criminals – after acknowledging that there is no such evidence.

Migrants living in caravans are largely from Honduras, where they started, as well as in El Salvador and Guatemala. All in all, they are bad, they wear clothes that fit into a backpack and escape the gang's violence or poverty.

It is true that there are some criminals who are mixed with the masses because the number of migrants is mere. Trump does not back up the claim that MS-13 band members are particularly involved. The Ministry of Defense issued a paper that "along the caravan route, more than 270 people have criminal history, including known gang members." But he did not make it clear that this number arrived.

Some immigrants in a caravan packed with Mexican police at the border of Mexico-Guatemala, robbed stones and other objects when they tried to cross the international bridge. A migrant died; it is unclear how it happened. The caravan leaders said that many troublemakers were expelled from the parade, and some self-proclaimed. Finally, most of the Guatemala – and later Mexico – came through the illegal circumvention of immigration checkpoints.

The caravan, however, was largely peaceful, applauded and handed food to residents of the city. The Mexican police did not try to stop them again.



TRUMP: "They always told me that they needed to make a constitutional amendment … to find out … No … Well, definitely you can have a congress, but now they say that I can only do one executing order" – interview with Axios on Tuesday HBO ".

THE FACTS: Scientists think broadly about the idea that Trump can unilaterally change the rule of being a citizen. It is very questionable whether a congressional act can do it, although it may be that lawmakers may change rules on children born in the United States for illegally staying parents.

Peter Schuck is perhaps the most important supporter of the idea that his / her birth citizenship is not transmitted by the Constitution to the children of illegally-living parents in the United States. He even says that "Trump can not manifestly behave" with his executing order.

"I'm sure a lawyer would not advise him otherwise," he said Tuesday. "It's just a pre-elected policy and a misinterpretation, so it's strongly criticized."

Since the mid-1980s, Schuck, Yale and the University of Pennsylvania, Rogers Smith, have argued that the Congress may determine the rules for ensuring the American citizenship of illegally arriving parents.

But most left and right scholars share the view that a constitutional amendment is needed to refuse the automatic nationality of children born in the United States for illegally staying parents.

James Ho, a federal court appellate court judge in Trump, wrote in 2006 in the Green Flag's legal journal that early birth citizenship is "unprotected to children of uncharted persons as descendants of Mayflower passengers".

Stephen Yale-Loehr, Cornell University's Immigration Specialist, said Trump's jurisdiction is "not open and closed, but it is better to see a constitutional amendment."

The civil clause of the Constitution was part of the post-Civil War amendments that have affirmed the rights of African Americans. The nationality clause was particularly aimed at overthrowing the Supreme Declaration of 1857 by Dred Scott, according to which the African Americans were not citizens.

The Supreme Court has never ruled on the application of the clause on the children of immigrants illegally resident in the United States. Trump made no distinction between legal and illegal status in his observations. A Supreme Court ruling of 1898 found that the American-born son of lawful Chinese immigrants was a 14th citizen; a footnote to the 1982 decision suggests that no distinction should be made between children of foreign-born parents, whether or not the United States is legally or illegally resident.


TRUMP: "We are the only country in the world where a person comes in, he has an infant and the baby is essentially 85 years of US citizen with all these benefits." Laughter: "It's ridiculous, and it must end." – HBO ".

THE FACTS: That's bad.

The United States is found in about 30 countries where citizenship of birth – the jus soli principle or the "right of the soil" is used, according to the world's Atlas and other sources. Most are on the American continent. Canada and Mexico. Most other countries have at least one parent – a citizen of jus sanguinis or "bloody law", or a citizen who has a modified right of birth that may limit the legality of nationality to parents' children.

In a broader sense, Trump's view that children of foreigners from the United States live for a lifetime, taking into account "all these benefits", ignores the taxes they pay, their work and other social contributions.



SARAH HUCKABEE SANDERS, the White House press secretary: Trump was elected to the overwhelming majority of 63 million Americans who came out and supported and wanted to see his policy. "- a press conference on Monday.

The facts: Trump did not win most of the votes in the 2016 election. He won the Electoral College, allowing him to capture the presidency.

Trump has nearly 63 million votes, as opposed to more than 65 million to Democrats from Hillary Clinton who, according to election data compiled by The Associated Press, have had great success in large states such as New York and California. He lost the president through the winner margin of Trump at the College of Election, which came after narrowly winning the less populous Midwestern states, including Michigan and Wisconsin.



TRUMP, Democratic governor Andrew Gillumra: "The city of Tallahassee is recognized in the most corrupt Florida and one of the most corrupt countries." – Fox interview on Monday.

THE FACTS: Trump makes an unfounded claim. Republicans, including Gillum's opponent, Ron DeSantis, have been committing a crime and corruption at the Governor's race to knock the political impulse of the mayor of Tallahassee, saying it is a criminal city. But Tallahassee is not even in top 25 when the crime rate per capita in Florida. Florida law enforcement agencies reported that Tallahassee in 20166 targeted 10,000 people with 5,765 crimes. By comparison, the highest proportion of Medley, the Florida city, has 10000 people with 28,004 criminal offenses.

Trump, who emphasized the principle of innocence when he was guilty of allegations supporting the Brett Kavanaug of the Supreme Court, also pointed to the ongoing review by the State Ethics Committee of whether Gillum accepted the gifts of lobbyists after a Tallahassee businessman and Gillum's constant critic is a complaint. In that case, Gillum has denied any breach of the law, or that it is targeting a separate ongoing FBI investigation on the city government.


Associated Press writers Colleen Long and Mark Sherman in Washington and Elliot Spagat in San Diego have contributed to this report.


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EDITOR'S COMMENT – The truthfulness of the claims of political actors is being investigated

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