More than 90 percent of all diabetes in the world is the second type of diabetes that, according to experts, affects lifestyle and the environment.
He was once referred to as a diabetic, but is already present in children and adolescents. "Overweight and obesity is the most important factor in the development of type 2 diabetes" says deputy chairman of the Slovak Diabetes Association (SDS) Zbynek Schroner. He added that the reason for overweight and obesity in young people is poor food with excessive consumption of high energy food and low fiber content.
"We're talking about the so-called Coca-Colonization of the Lifestyle" says Schroner. An important factor is, according to him, the sedentary lifestyle for children. The incidence of type 2 diabetes varies between countries. It can be said that a significant increase was recorded in the United States of America, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Thailand and Japan. In Europe, the second type of diabetes is most common in Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Malta or Western European countries, but according to Schroner, more and more cases also occur in Central and Eastern Europe. Slovakia is still rarely present. "But we are worried that the situation will worsen," he says.
The basis of prophylaxis and treatment are not drugs, but non-pharmacological means, ie. Healthy diet and physical exercise. "A great role is played when parents lead children to a proper life. For children, it is important that their physical activity is entertaining, so a good choice is not cycling, but for example ice skating, dancing or dog ", says Schroner. However, he adds that diabetes is important for the whole society.
"Genes allow for second type diabetes, but they do not do it" says Viera Doničová with SDS. Genetic sensitivity to the development of type 2 diabetes is not a sufficient condition for disease. "Risk factors such as the occurrence of diabetes in a direct family relationship or high blood sugar levels in the past are important. There is also an increased risk for women who have previously suffered from diabetes, people with high blood pressure, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and heart disease in the past or in the past. " added Doničová.
Patients with a certain risk factor should be tested once a year. Even in patients who do not have a risk factor, it is recommended to test their blood sugar every three years. According to the 2002 diabetes prevention program. People whose blood sugar levels were elevated reduced the risk of diabetes by 31% compared to patients who did not have any active substance., Physical activity has reduced the risk of diabetes by 58 percent. "It is never too late to start practicing or changing your eating habits," says SDK chairman Katarina Rašlová. He also believes that it is important to raise people's awareness of healthy food.