Pain is often interpreted as a disc herniation, and because of the fear of surgery in the early period, the possibility of diagnosis and treatment is ignored.
However, not every pain is a sign of a hernia and can be seen as a sign of significant illness.
Memorial Kayseri Hospital Physiotherapy and rehabilitation Uz. Dr. Ali İpek gave information about back pain and its causes.
Lumbar hernia in youth, the cause of pain in calcification in old age
Lumbar pain occurs more often at an early age than in the spinal cord and spondylosis. In the lower part of the spine due to narrowing of the canal there are problems with leg numbness and decreased walking distance. Patients are admitted to the doctor due to severe pain and sometimes loss of strength. One of the important causes of low back pain are rheumatic diseases. The most common of them are degenerative arthritis of the spine. Otherwise; infections, the spread of cancer in every organ in the body or bone cancer, metabolic causes, pain and pain reflected from the internal organs are most often presented as causes of low back pain.
The pain of the cross may be due to these 5 reasons
Daily life habits are an important factor that causes back pain. Most of the pain is of mechanical origin, which is caused by excessive use, deformation or deformation of the spine-forming structures. Lumbar pains that obstruct and interfere with standing and sitting movements generally suggest disc herniation. However, the severity and location of pain vary from person to person. Therefore, only pain is not a sufficient criterion for diagnosing a lumbar hernia. The pain of the cross is most often observed for the following reasons:
1. Lifting heavy loads, accidental injuries and particularly difficult movements have a detrimental effect on the vertebral structure. Together with the deteriorating structure, a disc appears between the vertebrae and a disc hernia occurs. Interruption of the vertebrae also leads to slip in the waist and pain.
2. Overweight and overweight are among the causes of low back pain. Lack of activity due to the deprivation of the waist muscles and the excessive weight of the heavy load causes back pain.
3. Excessive stress is an important factor that negatively affects the human body in every respect. Pain in the lumbar region is more common in people with high stress groups.
4. Choosing the wrong beds and chairs also paves the way for back pain. The pain of the cross can become chronic due to the non-ergonomic bed and office chairs.
5. Long-term wear in the joints over time transforms into calcification. Calcification due to aging is one of the causes of low back pain.
6. It has been proven that smoking causes back pain.
7. Lumbar pain is more common in some occupational groups. Among them; long-haul drivers, users of vibratory tools (asphalt or concrete mixer), heavy lifts and long-time employees.
Beware of rheumatic diseases!
It is known that the problem is progressing, and the pain becomes chronic when the necessary treatment is not used in patients with quality of life due to low back pain. In particular, rheumatic disease called thighs of ankylosing spondylitis is a health problem that can be observed in young men. In this disease, in contrast to the disc herniation, the pain does not rest, but increases. Even if there is no obvious pain in the ankle, ankle pain, headache, knee and ankle swelling may be present in ankylosing spondylitis. It is recommended that the patient consult a specialist after waking up in the morning if the waist area lasts longer than an hour.
8 imaging criteria
For people suffering from back pain medical imaging is based on the criteria called Bel red flag Bel.
1. If a person has suffered a serious injury, such as a fall from a height, a traffic accident,
2. Continuous, progressive and non-mechanical pain,
3. If you have recurrent or non-invasive back pain.
4. If you have had cancer in the past, cortisone, substance abuse, history of HIV infection and excessive alcohol consumption,
5. If the resistance to bending forward is severely limited,
6. If you have ailments such as prolonged fever, weight loss,
7. Sudden loss of sensation in the legs,
8. Medical imaging is required for bladder and bowel problems.
A multi-faceted approach to treatment
The multi-faceted approach is usually used to treat low back pain. The treatment plan begins primarily with detailed examinations and examinations.
Mechanical back pain; Drug therapy, rest, methods of physical therapy, as well as strengthening the waist muscles and lifestyle changes are effective.
Surgical intervention may be necessary for a very small proportion of people with mechanical back pain, such as those with loss of sensation in the legs. Patients with rheumatic back pain should be under regular monitoring and observation. The success of treatment with anti-rheumatic drugs used in recent years is increasing.