Ministers are encouraged to abolish the current age of graduation at the age of 16, and instead require young people to continue their education in the classroom or at the workplace until they reach the age of 18.
A team of IPPR experts in Scotland has made an invitation, publishing a new report on the impact that automation and aging can have on the country.
Director Russell Gunson said: "In addition to Brexit, preparation for automation and aging should be the highest priority for Scotland."
Additional investments in the skills and training needed to prepare for automation can reach £ 250 million a year by 2025, which should be shared between the public and private sectors.
Almost half (46%) of all jobs in Scotland have the potential to change in the coming years as a result of automation, which was named the fourth industrial revolution.
At the same time, the growing number of elderly people means that it will be necessary to "significantly increase productivity" on the part of the professionally active, adding to this think tank.
As part of what has been called the "revolution in lifelong learning", the IPPR Scotland has called for the replacement of the existing school leaving age by a "new age of participation in skills 18 years".
In addition, he recommended that everyone under the age of 21 be somehow involved in acquiring new skills by 2025. And the Scottish Government will introduce a new goal of having 100,000 employees over the age of 25 involved in the skill system.
Meanwhile, it suggested that up to 30,000 employees a year could benefit from an 'expanded individual training account', providing them with £ 1,000 a year for training and skills.
IPPR Scotland said: "These recommendations will ensure that Scotland was one of the best prepared countries in the world, preparing to take advantage of the opportunities offered by automation, aging and economic changes that we face in the coming years."
These changes can bring "significant reforms of the skills system in Scotland, helping Scotland to prepare for automation and aging," the report added.
This, in turn, would help the country "move from the current economy to what we will need in the future."
The IPPR report from Scotland stated that "too many young people leave the skills system too early, never come back", starting work "low-paid and unprotected work, which for too many people becomes a low-paid and uncertain career".
In Scotland, 14.9% of workers aged between 16 and 24 are in "uncertain employment" – which includes temporary and zero work – as do 9% of people over the age of 25.
The report calls on those who work on increasing the skills of employees to do more to help employees during their careers.
The expert team also wants a committee for the future of the economy to be established in Scotland, based on the one that was established in Singapore in 2016.
Gunson said: "If, for the past 30 years, we have rightly supported the development of higher education to help Scotland change to a knowledge-based economy, the next 30 years must involve expanding lifelong learning to take advantage of automation and aging opportunities.
"We believe that investing in education and training, and in particular lifelong learning, will be the most important way to prepare Scotland to take advantage of the benefits of technological change.
"The Scottish education and training system has several strengths, but there is still a lot to do.
"There is no doubt that preparing for such a scale of changes will be expensive and will not be cheap, but non-investment costs can be much higher than the costs."
The Scottish Government stated that it would take full account of the recommendations.
A spokesperson said: "Providing Scotland with a skilled and productive workforce, both now and in the future, is key to our ambitions for our labor market and the economy.
"The IPPR report highlights the importance of a Scottish skills system that meets our future skills needs, taking into account the importance of issues such as demographic change, the potential impact of technological change and the great uncertainty caused by Brexit.
"The report recognizes that the skills system in Scotland is on the right track and has a solid foundation to resist."