The Center for Space Science Technology in New Zealand (CSST) has partnered with NASA to measure the temperature of plants to find out how they react to stress.
NASA has delivered the ECOSTRESS instrument to the International Space Station, which is more or less the size of a refrigerator as part of its annual mission.
It captures the Earth's surface temperature measurements and sends data back to Earth.
The chief scientist at CSST, Dr. Dave Kelbe, said how people, when the temperature of the plant deviated from the norm, meant that something was wrong.
"When the plants become too hot, they close the pores and stop sweating and stop taking carbon dioxide, so they stop growing."
Researchers from Waikato University, Manaaki Whenua-Landcare Research and the National Institute of Water and Atmosphere Research (NIWA) will participate in research conducted in New Zealand.
Each of New Zealand's partners manages ecological research websites across the country and will submit their own data to the project.
Dr Kelbe said researchers from New Zealand played a key role in deepening scientific knowledge about the way plants used water.
"By supporting this project in cooperation, the quality and precision of data in New Zealand is heightened, if it is related to what we see in the field, we know that we can trust data with great confidence to make decisions."
Dr Kelbe said data could be used to design intelligent irrigation technology and obtain better carbon capture estimates to help achieve our target zero greenhouse gas emissions.
He said that it will not only help farmers in performance, but also in our environment.