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Herpes: symptoms and treatment

In some countries, herpes is also called "fever's herpes" or simply "fever". Its condition has a high aesthetic component, because during the period of the largest clinical manifestation it produces blisters in the external cheek area.

The disease is caused by the virus, and the infection is simpler than with other diseases.

According to the World Health Organization, around 67% of the adult population in the world will get a positive result if tested for the presence of herpes virus in the blood. This can happen even if the person has never had symptoms.

What are the symptoms of herpes?
Different stages in which the disease is manifested in the mouth area are those that determine the symptoms. Every moment of evolution becomes present with various visible signs.

Here we describe the natural evolution in most cases:

Periodic smoking: up to one day before the blisters appear, the person may feel burning, burning or tingling around the mouth.
Visible blisters: the second phase is the appearance of the blisters themselves. Herpes blisters have a transparent fluid inside and are located on or around the lip. They may be accompanied by a light fever.
Blistering: after about 4 to 7 days of blistering a crack occurs. The blisters open and release fluid. In the place where the bladder was located, an ulcer is formed and gradually covered with scab.
Scars: from fifteen days to a month after the appearance of the first symptoms, the scabs will disappear without leaving scars. The time varies depending on whether it is the first time or the reappearance, because re-emergence usually takes less time.

How herpes spread
The virus causing the disease is the herpes simplex virus -VHS1. This pathogen belongs to the family of viruses known as Herpesviridae. The genital herpes virus VHS2 also belongs to the family.

In general, each of these viruses affects different parts of the body:

VHS1 is mainly concentrated in the mouth.
HSV2 does it in the genital area, causing genital herpes.
The infection of both viruses occurs through contact, even if there are no active and visible changes. This means that one person can infect another without blisters.

Of course, the infection is much more possible when the blisters are visible and, above all, when they break and release the fluid they contain. Fluid in the blisters is a great way for the virus.

The degree of infection is high. One person can send the VHS1 virus to another by means of a kiss, but also to provide cooking utensils. In the case of HSV2, the main transmission route is sexual intercourse.

However, this chapter between VHS1 and VHS2 is not strict. The person may be infected with the genital herpes virus and manifest in the mouth as if it were herpes after being infected with oral sex.

Treatment options
If herpes does not receive any drug treatment, he will carry out his natural evolutionary cycle. After a few days, which may last from one week to a month, they will be resolved without leaving a scar.

The virus will be embedded in the peripheral nervous system of the person and may or may not appear in the future with similar symptoms of shorter duration.

Drugs that have been helpful are antivirals, such as acyclovir or valaciclovir. His only benefit is to shorten the duration of the disease, but they are not curative.

Despite antiviral drugs, HSV1 will remain present and nested in the peripheral nervous system, and can therefore be reactivated in the future.

Antiviral agents are presented as tablets for oral use or as topical creams. The oral route is more effective than the local road. Efficacy depends on the early start of treatment.

It is best to start with the antiviral drug on the day of tingling or burning, or at the latest on the first day of blisters.

When the clinical picture is very painful, the treatment may be accompanied by a painkiller. Both Ibuprofen and Paracetamol are important options.

Source: Better with health / EB

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