The road from tropical Central America, from the jungle to the gigantic capital of Mexico, and then to the desert leading to the USA. USA, it reduces the crowded career of migrants who are at risk of respiratory tract infections such as tuberculosis and influenza.
At dawn this Sunday, nearly 5,000 American family members, mainly Hondurans, marched to Tijuana, where from which they want to ask for asylum to EE. UU. Although President of the country, Donald Trump, signed a presidential order last week that limits the possibilities of asylum seekers on the border with Mexico and prevents this protection from being granted to those who visit their country in an unregulated way.
Pushing cars with children still sleeping and pulling the heavy blankets that they had contacted with cold night in the outer corridors of the Corregidor stadium in the central state of Querétaro, they reached the point where the road began with neighbor Guanajuato. There appeared the first signs of exhaustion among migrants who experience extreme climate change, overpopulation and physical exhaustion.
A teenager disappeared at the edge of the road. "It takes a few days with fever", he reached for one of the young people who accompanied him before he loaded it. A few yards away, a 4-year-old girl from Honduras fell to the floor, convulsively, making an eternal line to get on a goods trailer with her mother, Mirna Carolina Ayala.
"I do not know what she has, I do not want to eat for a few days … if something happens, I die," the woman said between sobs while the rescuers gave oxygen to the girl. Little Madaleli "brings fever and glucose is high, should be evaluated by the pediatric team for possible prediabetes." He is dehydrated, he did not eat well, "said Luis Manuel Martinez, emergency coordinator of the local health secretary's emergency system, When she regained consciousness, the girl was taken by ambulance to the hospital. His cries of pain terrified a large part of the caravan.
Winter is coming
In general, the caravan is in a "deteriorated condition". "They come from a hot climate, and here the temperature drops, more wear, people are not used to these walking days, they ate and burned badly."explains Martínez.
For physicians, the most urgent risks are respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. "We have detected pockets of flu and tuberculosis infection," said the Red Cross doctor, who asked for anonymity and spent the night in a shelter.
At dawn in the crowded stadium of the stadium there was a symphony of sneezing, moans of sighs and coughs, struck by strong currents of icy air. "Most of us have been affected by cough, flu, because of exaggerated climate, very cold, I can not stand it," said José Castellano, a 20-year-old Honduran who left the medical camp with hands full of medicine.
The spread of viruses and bacteria is frequent. "If you do not take your boat with water, you must take it from your partner," explains the young man trembling from the cold, under the two pants and the double jacket that you saw. Castellano understands that every day that passes, approaches the winter, which reaches below zero temperatures near the northern border. "You must be prepared not to kill us with hypothermia," he said.
Most of us suffered from coughs and flu. Because of the exaggerated climate, very cold
Garbage and new toilets
According to the World Health Organization, tuberculosis affects the lungs, causing cough, fever, night sweats and weight loss. Although it is quickly curable, treated by coughing, sneezing or spitting, for example, Influenza. These diseases can become epidemics, cause pneumonia or death.
Migrants burned in an open space, creating a giant mat or multi-colored mosaic. Together with them, there are always mobile toilets, which sometimes overflow, in addition to the dirt and debris that are generated.
There were only ten toilets at the stadium, "five for men and five for women (…) and we are a crowd", lamented Julio Díaz, an electrician from Honduras who has to cure his child for an eye infection.
"The problem is that some of us who walk here are neat, but others are very dirty, they have no education," he said, squeezing the plastic medicine bag.
Through the labyrinth of the corridors of the camp, there are cries of headaches, bones, feet, shoulders, molars, abdomen, chest. There are also soul pains. "What hurts is my heart, I miss all that I love in my country," says Araceli López, a single mother who hugs her daughter with a special comb of lice.
"Children always cuddle and play, so all lice are filled," he explains as one of the parasites crushes between her nails.